- Published: 18 January 2013
Important news provided by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in United States, a global leading organization that has presented a report corroborating what data obtained from research has been demonstrating for many years. Come in and read the autism's latest news.
"Few children diagnosed within their early years -before 5- with one of the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), lose their symptoms and even the diagnose when they grow up", according to the conclusions shown in a research study promoted by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
This research has been "carefully" carried out and documented with a small group of minors who had been diagnosed with one of these diseases during their early childhood and nowadays present no symptomatology. "This is the first research that deeply demonstrates the nature of changes that have been produced in both childs' states: mental and social" ensures the researchers' team in an announcement. The study has been leathered by Deborah Fein, a lecturer at Connecticut University, and was published at Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry last January the 16th.
"Despite the fact that the diagnosis in ASD does not usually disappear, the conclusions obtained proved that a little percentage of cases overcome the disorder" has explained de NIMH's director, Thomas Insel. "Subsequent reports of this study should tell us more about the autism nature and the therapy's role (among other factors) on the long term results". Previous studies had examined the possibility of a diagnosis loss but there were too many questions with no answer about the initial diagnose and if the children were suffering mild autism.
Autism Spectrum Disorders encompasses a group of developmental disorders that cause behavioral, social and communicative diseases. The Illnesses Prevention and Control Center estimates that 1 out of 88 children in United States have autism. Authors keep doing research with the aim to analyze the changes that can be produced in brain functions of subjects and if there is any residual element characteristic of the disorder left. Moreover, conductual, fisical and cognitive interventions are being checked as well as the role that they play in their improvement is.
This study does not provide the exact percentage of children that overcome the diagnosis of autism but a huge variety of information about the subjects like structural and functional cerebral images has been gathered as well as the results of the therapy they went through during their growing stage and also psychiatric results that will "make it possible to get these data in the future". The sample is composed by 34 children that overcame autism, those who had an early diagnose and do not present any symptoms, 44 children with very noticeable autism characteristics, as the emotional incapability and learning disabilities, and 34 more with a normal progress of the disorder. Participants were aged between 8 and 21.During the development of the study, first reports were evaluated by researchers that know the subjects' clinical history. "To ensure its accuracy", the second step consists of making the documentation to be checked by autism specialists who unknown the minors' details. A subsequent analysis of the data will shed some light on key questions as if changes on diagnoses caused standardization of their cerebral functions or if, on the contrary, their brain was capable to overcome the typical difficulties of patients with autism.
An example quoted by the study's authors is that the intelligence quotient of these children is slightly superior to the IQ of children with severe autism. "An additional study will be necessary to reveal if this is a key element in order to demonstrate the transition that children who lost the diagnosis throughout years", the text says. The social skills were also better in the group that overcame the diagnoses, but those skills related to communication and with self-stimulatory behavior, were so serious when the diagnose was made as they were in those with autistic symptoms nowadays.
Researchers have concluded that "any children who present an ASD can progress through intensive therapy, despite the fact that this intervention does not explain the obtained results. Our hope is that additional researches help us to better understand the elements involved in this transition, where the disorder has disappeared, and that each child can live their best possible life"
This new comes from the following link: http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/01/18/actualidad/1358524110_637171.html